Law Office of Curtis Cooper, LLC

Representing clients in the fields of employment, disability, and civil litigation

Find us on Facebook

(410) 825-4030

Hours 9 - 6 EST

Third Circuit: Standard of Review for Retaliation at Summary Judgment Stage is “Likely Reason,” not “But For”

The Supreme Court ruled in 2013 that a Plaintiff in a retaliation case must show that the adverse employment action would not have ocurred if they had not participated in the protected activity, this is known as the “but for” test. In a recent case the Third Circuit Federal Court of Appeals, Carvalho-Grevious v. Delaware State University, No. 15-3521 (March 21, 2017), held that in the summary judgment stage of a retaliation case, the “but for” standard does not apply, but rather a Plaintiff will only have to show that the protected activity was the “likely reason” for the adverse action. This could impact the number of cases filed, and the number that make it past summary judgment in the Third Circuit. 

Workplace Fairness will continue to montior this issue and keep our content up to date as changes happen. Share us on facebook and help other workers get the information they need about their rights. 

Information Center

We offer a wealth of free workplace-related information in our Employee Rights and Information Center.

Select a topic to continue:

Index Your Rights Protect Your Rights

Contact Us

401 Washington Avenue

Suite #200 Towson, MD 21204

(410) 825-4030

Hours 9 - 6 EST

(410) 510-1831

Fax Number